Internet identity theft and how to stop it 

Posted by on Dec 29, 2015 in Internet Identity Theft | Comments Off on Internet identity theft and how to stop it 

Internet Identity Theft

This is one of the most dangerous things that can happen to you, and what’s worse, it can cost you lot of money, time and nerves.


One of the easiest ways to steal your identity are Web sites that offer specific financial services or offer credit cards. When applying via the Internet for such a credit card you are giving all the information that fraudsters need, at the end they only have to change the address of a shipment, if you have been granted the credit card. When it arrives at the address of swindlers and later when the bills pile up the bank will ask you to pay those bills.

Another way is false promoters. In this case, they offer you the applications for credit cards that look like the real one, you out of curiosity fill out one of these forms. These forms are later restated, or some of the data is changed, if the card has been approved it will go into the hands of swindlers. They Change your name and address and information related to your card won’t get to you. You can always ask for help moved here.

The third way is a phone call. In telephone calls are usually connected with some kind of a “rush”, fraudsters say that you spent huge amount of money from the card, and that you’re bound to a certain amount of money, which is abnormally high and the unlike. Fraudsters will do everything to make you mad or scared and to use easiest way to get to a certain information that will be later used for fraud. They will usually represent themselves as officials of banks, big companies or even as policemen.

To prevent identity theft:

Never fill in any application outside the Bank, or if some promoters of banks come to your company, they are required to identify themselves.

Do not leave the reports on ATM or in the Recycle Bin.

Check your balance at least once a week.

Do not use a credit card to purchase over the Internet. Use only e banking cards.

Ask your bank not to send you reports on your credit card to your home or on address or e-mail (go personally to the bank and check the status of your own).

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Criminal law 

Posted by on Dec 29, 2015 in Criminal Law | Comments Off on Criminal law 

Criminal law

Criminal law is the part of the legal system which is connected with a crime. It regulates social behavior and forbids every conduct that is harmful or endangers other people. This law represents system of rules that classify certain deviant behavior as a crime and that happens when a society or a Government decides that certain conduct is dangerous for wellbeing of other people. This conduct is sanctioned with a fine or with a prison, depending on a crime.


fedMost crimes are classified in statute and the have been approved by the federal, state and local legal bodies. For example: if you are conducting some inappropriate behavior like drunk driving or drinking on public place, city may determine what is the punishment for that violation, on the other hand if you decide to rob a bank, considering that bank is federal institution, federal Government will decide the course of that crime.

People who are found guilty whether they admitted it as a “guilty” plea or they were sentenced by a jury can be punished trough fines, imprisonment, probation and community service.

Crimes include felonies like murder and rape, as well as misdemeanors like less serious offences, petty theft and jaywalking. First set of offences is punishable by imprisonment and punishment for that kind of act is from a year up to a several years. For the other set of offences punishment is less than a year.

Criminal law

All statues can be broken down when they are describing criminal behavior. Most crimes include two elements: an act or “actus reus” and a mental state “mens rea”. The prosecutors must prove each element in order to prove prosecuted guilty and he must convince the jury and the judge that every fact that is presented to the court is beyond reasonable doubt. All this and more you can visit this hyperlink.

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Charged with crime – what happens next 

Posted by on Dec 29, 2015 in Charged With Crime | Comments Off on Charged with crime – what happens next 

Every crime must be penalized with arrest and police report must be filed. After an arrest is made, police must fill in the arrest report and forward it to a prosecutor. The report has all main points of the crime: date, time, location, witnesses, description of the crime, etc.

Based on the report prosecutor can decide what to do next:

He can file a complaint with the trial court, or go to a grand jury and present them the evidence and seek an advice what criminal charges can be brought, or if any should be brought, or decide to do nothing if there are no elements for prosecution.

They usually file criminal charges within three days, although in some jurisdiction this time leap can be shorter, for example: in two days. The swiftness is very important because over the time the circumstances of committed crime can change.


When prosecutor engages himself into a process whether to charge a defendant and which violation he wants to pursue, he must rewind some of the most important factors.

Grand jury had the similar role as the regular jury, except that grand jury makes the decision whether some charges should be brought or not and what charges would that be. On the other hand, regular jury only proclaims if someone is guilty or not.


Grand jury reviews the evidence and decides if it’s going to file charges or not, it doesn’t proclaim guilty like regular jury. Grand jury has 23 members. The opinion of  the decision doesn’t have to be ominous. Their meetings are held behind closed doors and they meet secretly. Potential defendants are not allowed to be present while the jury makes its decision, as well as their lawyers.

If for example, the case is a felony and prosecutor omits the grand jury to file a report, then preliminary hearing must be held. On that hearing prosecutor most demonstrate the state and the judge enough evidence that will support the trial.

If the case is based on charges of the grand jury no preliminary hearing is in need.

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